How smoking effects in the human body and reduce immune system, According to WHO- World Health Organization tobacco kills up to half of the people who are using tobacco, report says tobacco kills more than 8 million people each year. In this, around 7 million deaths are the result of direct use of tobacco, while around 1.2 million are the non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke.
Why we can’t quit smoking?
When you smoking, with smoke you inhale nicotine which through blood reach your mind and release dopamine hormone in the high label that helps to reduce your anxiety and stress in an artificial way and give to your mind relax. When dopamine label reduces, your mind demands it which becomes a habit. Later on, body requirement increase that affects body organs and systems.
Smoking does affect bodybuilding?
Smoking damage body muscles and reduce the number of blood vessels, thereby reduction in Oxygen circulation and nutrition restriction in muscles, the body muscles and bones become weaker.
As the bodybuilding, during the workout, our body circulates or pump blood in muscles in high force for recovery and provide oxygen and nutrition in recovery mode, due to smoking fat and cholesterol react with oxidizing chemicals and create fatty material in the artery wall and restrict blood flow to the muscles which reduce muscles building growth and increase body fat.
Harmful chemicals available in tobacco smoke
Highly damaging or harmful components of tobacco smoke that affects the human body are available in smoke, and how they affect slowly human body parts make reduce their functional capability increase sickness of the body.
Tar: It is the solid particles available in smoke. Tar is sticky and brown. The solid particles contain is the causes of cancer and stains teeth, fingernails and lung tissue.
Carbon Monoxide: It is toxic gas produce by smoke and It is an odourless and colourless gas. If its inhale in large doses, quickly causes death because it takes the place of oxygen in the blood. Due to carbon monoxide, Smoking people blood becomes harder for oxygen supply to organ and muscles.
Oxidizing Chemicals; These are highly reactive chemicals available in tobacco smoke, which damage the heart muscles and blood vessels. They react with cholesterol, leading to the build-up of fatty material on artery walls. The actions of fatty materials in artery walls, lead to heart disease, stroke and blood vessel disease.
Metals: Tobacco smoke contains several metals available, including arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, cobalt, lead and nickel, which is the cause of cancer.
Radioactive Compounds: Tobacco smoke contains radioactive compounds that are known to be carcinogenic.
Effects of smoking on the body Source
Smoking daily causes damage to many of the body’s organs and systems which directly lead to slow down organ functional performance and makes the body sick.
2. Effects of smoking on the respiratory system.
- Irritation of the windpipe and voice box.
- Reduced lung function.
- Breathlessness due to swelling and narrowing of the lung airways.
- Impairment of the lungs’ clearance system, leading to the build-up of poisonous substances, which results in lung irritation and damage
- Increased risk of lung infection and symptoms such as coughing and wheezing
- Permanent damage to the air sacs of the lungs.
2. Effects of smoking on the circulatory system
- Raised blood pressure and heart rate
- Constriction (tightening) of blood vessels in the skin, resulting in a drop in skin temperature
- Less oxygen carried by the blood during exercise
- ‘Stickier’ blood, which is more prone to clotting
- Damage to the lining of the arteries, which is thought to be a contributing factor to atherosclerosis (the build-up of fatty deposits on the artery walls)
- Reduced blood flow to extremities (fingers and toes)
- Increased risk of stroke and heart attack due to blockages of the blood supply.
- Greater susceptibility to infections such as pneumonia and influenza
- More severe and longer-lasting illnesses
- Lower levels of protective antioxidants (such as vitamin C), in the blood.
4. Effects of smoking on the musculoskeletal system
- Tightening of certain muscles
- Reduced bone density.
5. Effects of smoking on the sexual organs
- Lower sperm count
- The higher percentage of deformed sperm
- Genetic damage to sperm
- Impotence, which may be due to the effects of smoking on blood flow and damage to the blood vessels of the penis.
6. The effects of tobacco smoke on the female body include:
- Reduced fertility, menstrual cycle irregularities, or absence of menstruation
- Menopause reached one or two years earlier
- Increased risk of cancer of the cervix
- Greatly increased risk of stroke and heart attack if the person who smokes is aged over 35 years and taking the oral contraceptive pill.
7. Other effects of smoking on the body
- Irritation and inflammation of the stomach and intestines
- Increased risk of painful ulcers along the digestive tract
- Reduced ability to smell and taste
- Premature wrinkling of the skin
- Higher risk of blindness
- Gum disease (periodontitis).
8. Diseases caused by long-term smoking
- Cancer of the lung, mouth, nose, larynx, tongue, nasal sinus, oesophagus, throat, pancreas, bone marrow (myeloid leukaemia), kidney, cervix, ovary, ureter, liver, bladder, bowel and stomach
- Lung diseases such as chronic bronchitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which includes obstructive bronchiolitis and emphysema
- Heart disease and stroke
- Ulcers of the digestive system
- Osteoporosis and hip fracture
- poor blood circulation in feet and hands, which can lead to pain and, in severe cases, gangrene and amputation
- type 2 diabetes
- Rheumatoid arthritis
How to Quit Smoking?
If your mind can trigger for smoking, your mind only can stop it. First, you need to make strong thought for quitting a smoke habit, know about smoking effects on your valuable health and then decide a day you want to start. Quitting is not possible in a single day you need to go step by step reduces.
A popular method for quit smoking:
1. Try to keep busy yourself in productive work.
2. Be busy with your family and play with your kids.
3. Do deep breathing.
4. Play sports with friends.
5. Keep motivating yourself and listen to music.
6. Drink water sip by sip to beat the craving.
7. Consider non-nicotine medications.